FLOW Through LOW

January, 2021

On these pages, the directors of Friends of Lake of the Woods (FLOW) are hoping that residents and visitors to this site will enjoy some reminiscing about the origins of Lake of the Woods (LOW), a planned community in Orange County, Virginia. This may include information about LOW itself, Orange County, the surrounding battlefields, and its earliest residents.  Much of my information comes from Germanna Road Three Hundred Year History of Lower Orange County, Virginia, by Dr. Peter G. Rainey. Dr. Rainey is a former resident of Lake of the Woods and has been of help with this project. I encourage you to purchase his book on Amazon. 

The story of Lake of the Woods begins in September 1966 with “lakebuilder” Thomas J. Perine, age 36, chairman of Indianapolis’ U.S. Land, Inc. who liked to say that “people have the same motivation to go to water as birds have to fly south in the winter.” Perine had only been to Virginia once; and had already finished lake projects near Chicago (Lake Arrowhead) and Cleveland when he set sights on building a 500-acre lake here.

Perine liked to find a rural valley near a metro area that had a freshwater stream that could be dammed. He would try to finish the project within a year to keep speculators from driving up prices. He also included roads, country clubs, tennis courts, pools, and golf courses…within a few hundred feet of everyone’s lot. He had the foresight to protect everyone’s property value and made sure that all deed restrictions were very tight.

In an interview with The Washington Post, he also explained the beauty of his operation, “We must have a site that is right, where natural valleys can be filled from natural streams after a dam is built… We are determined to save every tree that we can. A man can lose a job by cutting down the wrong tree.” 

Boise Cascade bought U.S. Land, Inc. in July 1967 and Thomas Perine founded a new company in the Bahamas to work on resort complexes. He died shortly thereafter. 

Next Up:  Jim C. Foote and Virginia Wildlife Clubs, Inc. 

The First Foote

Nancy King, FLOW Director, March, 2021

After the death of Thomas Perine, Virginia Wildlife Clubs (VWC) continued to operate through the 1960s, with Boise Cascade Recreation Communities Corporation recording their deed in Orange County 1971.  U.S, Land Inc. which was in the business of building lake communities across the country was also acquired by Boise Cascade through a stock swap.  “With the purchase, Boise Cascade became the nation’s most thoroughly integrated company in the housing field.”  (Rainey, Germanna Road)

Although U.S. Land folks liked to get down into the mud, Boise Cascade brought lots of changes to Lake of the Woods.  With it, Jim C. Foote, age 29, once Thomas Perine’s VP at VWC, became lead developer here.  He reassigned work at two other developments in Atlanta and Boston and relocated his operations to Locust Grove.  Where U.S. Land was muddy, Boise Cascade liked suits and ties. 

Jim explained that he would get topographic maps of an area, lay them out on a dining room table locating streams and designing future lakes.  Jim’s interest centered on Wilderness Run near the Spotsylvania and Orange County lines.  He had already designed the Wilderness Run dam, twice as big as the one that he would later build at LOW.  Then, he would call on local farmers, take them up in his helicopter and convince them to sell.  First, he worked on the Wilderness Run area and when that did not work out, he concentrated on an area totally within the limits of Orange County. 

In 1960, Orange County had 3,588 occupied homes.   Boise Cascade and LOW brought drastic changes to Orange County.  In a county which had seen nothing but decline for 100 years, LOW became 39% of the property valuation and by the end of the 20th Century LOW exceeded the populations of Gordonsville and Orange combined.  Next, Thirteen Farms…..

August, 2021

Miss Roach

Adapted from Germanna Road Three Hundred Year History of Lower Orange County, Virginia, by Dr. Peter G. Rainey with permission.

Fifty-five years ago, Germanna Ford Bridge was 35 years old and two lanes wide. Most of the land was forested and owned by timber companies, some by the Goodwin brothers of Orange County. Of the few houses still standing, most pre-dated the Civil War. Only Routes 3 and 20 were paved, all the other roads were gravel at best. The turkeys ran wild and the area was a principal hunting region. The Apperson cousins had pastureland with cattle on both sides of Flat Run, itself no more than a small creek except where it got truly flat, and there it was a swamp. Ms. Anne Roach still cooked and heated from the same wood fireplace in a home with no utilities at all. She subsisted in her home on a 125 acre farm. The Masons had the only convenience store within several miles, located next to the National Battlefield Park. The park itself was little more than a few cleared acres alongside Route 20 where battle trenches had been restored in the 1930s by the Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC), and where a marker had been placed alongside the road. Only a few houses existed in the battlefield area, including the Middlebrook and Apperson homes built in the 1950s. Along Germanna Road stood the Old Flat Run Baptist Church and the Ferris House.

All that would change by July 1966. One thing that did not change was Ms. Roach. She had previously sold her farm to the Goodwins and retained a life estate that later became a part of Lake of the Woods and is now the location of the Happy Trails Dog Park.

Again, for more information about Lake of the Woods and Orange County in its earliest years, please consider purchasing Germanna Road by Dr. Peter G. Rainey who has graciously allowed me to use his meticulous research for this enterprise.

Fifty-Five Years Ago – Things Were Changing!

“All I know is things are changing. No, it’s not what it used to be anymore.”

The quote is from Anne Roach (born 1895, died 1973). She was the only farmer who stayed on after her farm was sold to become part of Lake of the Woods and was later named Life Estates. We call it the dog park today, operated by the Happy Tails Dog Club. Two historical events happened in Orange County during Miss Roach’s lifetime: the creation of the Wilderness National Park and the creation of Lake of the Woods.

Ninety-three years ago, on Oct. 19, 1928, Fredericksburg and Spotsylvania National Military Park, which includes the Wilderness National Military Park along Route 20, was officially dedicated. A Civilian Conservation Corps (CCC) Camp was established Oct. 14, 1933 at Wilderness. For the next few years, the then-20 acres of National Park land was restored to resemble the 1864 battlefield. The vast majority of the battlefield in Orange County remained farmland and gold mines, much of which had been abandoned by 1942, when the CCC Camp was closed. That same year, the Wilderness Post Office, established in 1812, closed; it had been located near our present-day Spotswood Park.

Fifty-five years ago, options were placed on 13 parcels of farmland and two parcels of Goodwin brothers’ timberland to create Lake of the Woods. On Oct. 31, 1966, the land survey plats were drawn of the future Lake of the Woods. They showed it to be 2,475 acres. Over the years LOW has grown, land for Section 5 was acquired in 1968, Section 16 in 1969, and the undeveloped area known as 9.9 in 1999.

The Goodwin brothers sold a total of 482 acres to Virginia Wildlife Clubs, Inc., most of which they had purchased a decade earlier for less than $50 an acre. William T. Goodwin, the surviving Goodwin brother, recalled that he and three other families were approached by James C. Foote to sell collectively at a price of $400 an acre.

By 1967, the developer’s workforce had grown to some 300 men; the lake was filling at a rate of eight inches a week and a second, smaller, lake was being bulldozed out of the land. About 32 miles of roads had been cut through the timberland and another 8 miles was to be cut. Forty miles of water piping for a central water system was being installed. Among items turned up by bulldozers and workmen of Lake of the Woods were portions of muskets, bayonets, and federal belt buckles and bullets.

While the construction of LOW was underway, at least three homes were allowed to remain standing, those of Anne Roach, and the Apperson cousins. Today both Apperson homes are on LOWA property as numbered lots and are owned by members of the association. The Clarence Apperson farm is shown as it looked in 1967 and restored. The small creek that passed by it was dammed to create the main lake. The William Ray Apperson home is known as the White House and was once the only “white” house allowed in LOWA. It is located on Lakeview Parkway.

For more information about Lake of the Woods and Orange County in its earliest years, please consider purchasing Germanna Road by Dr. Peter G. Rainey who has graciously allowed me to use his meticulous research and quote from his book for this enterprise.